Isolation and Hegemony: A New Approach for American Foreign Policy

April 23, 2012 by

In modern foreign policy the United States faces a complicated irony: in a bid to ensure national security and maintain global primacy the U.S. spends a large quantity of blood and treasure on interventionist policies that may actually compromise national security and the future of American hegemony. The culmination of these exercises in grandiose foreign policy has been the invasion and occupation of Iraq and Afghanistan, at the combined cost of between three and four trillion dollars.

International Criminal Court: Successes and Failures of the Past and Goals for the Future

March 23, 2012 by

In 1998, a groundbreaking idea turned into reality, and 50 years of debate ended as the first International Criminal Court (ICC) was established as a result of the Rome Statute. This judicial body took shape and created the foundation of a permanent court to prosecute persons that committed war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide.

A Need for Pan-Asian Institutions in Asia

March 20, 2012 by

For over a decade, many relevant academic journals have prophesized the 21st century as the Asian century. The argument is usually based on impressive economic growth, increased production, trade and booming foreign currency reserves. Undoubtedly, the fact that Asia holds nearly 1/3 of the total world population doesn’t hurt its chances from overtaking the United States and Europe in many areas.

Compliance and the Counter-Revolutionary State: The Case of the United States

March 14, 2012 by

Many adversarial relationships exist in politics. On the domestic level, political parties frequently compete with each other to gain control of coveted offices. A contest, which transpires on the international level during periods of international revolution, is counter-revolutionary and revolutionary states spreading opposing doctrines.

Russia and the War on Terror: The Multiplicity of Roles

January 9, 2012 by

The current geopolitical situation is quite different from that during the Cold War. One of the salient characteristics of the period is that there are few stable geopolitical marriages, so to speak. During the Cold War, global alignments were clearly divided between the West, with the USA as leader, and the USSR, with its proxies and allies.

Partisan Pitfalls: The Importance of Pluralism for a Stable Iraq

September 2, 2011 by

Since the 2003 U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, there has been a significant increase in inter-ethnic and inter-religious violence among Iraqis. This paper seeks to understand why this violence is taking place in a country with a relatively strong history of tolerance for its religious and ethnic diversity. The acceptance of ethnic and religious pluralism – the existence of a variety of religious and ethnic groups – is critical for stabilizing Iraq.

Terrorism: Sources of Support

March 9, 2011 by

9/11 co-opted the former Bush administration into addressing the issue of terrorism. With the exception of the African embassy bombings in the late 1990s, the 1972 Munich Olympics and the bombing of the USS Cole, policymakers generally gave terrorism second tier consideration until September 11, 2001.

Theories of European Integration

January 23, 2011 by

The article offers an explanation for European integration with an emphasis on causal theories. There is linkage to the First and Second World Wars and European integration. German aggression, the Cold War and the need for a strong European economic community are all relevant issues that cannot be underestimated in offering an explanation for European integration.

Chernobyl: Contextual Analysis of a 1986 Disaster

January 21, 2011 by

This article addresses the Soviet response to the nuclear disaster at the V.I. Lenin Nuclear Power Plant at Chernobyl, Ukraine, the science behind the disaster, and the long-term health impacts on the people of the region. Also to be examined is how Soviet governance was an independent variable in the mismanagement of the disaster and finally, the endemic challenges that the Russian Federation faces in regards to disasters and disaster management.

From the Cold War to the War on Terrorism

May 10, 2010 by

Amanda Ripley makes this distinction between terrorism, broadly conceived, and the Cold War, “Because terrorism is not the same as the cold war; it is a psychological war more than a physical war, and in that distinction lies great opportunity” . The difference between nonstate actors and the Soviet Union is that the latter was homogeneous in nature, easily definable and acted more or less within international mores and norms. Mores are defined as, “the fixed morally binding customs of a particular group” . The Cold War was largely defined by two polar powers that made decisions, sometimes collectively, sometimes independently, about the security of the international system.

Effectiveness of Dutch Water Management Programs

April 10, 2010 by

The Netherlands faces the very real threat of global climate change. Aside from threats in the long-term, the near-term threats are from flooding, storms, snow melting in the mountains and high country in Germany, hurricanes in the North Sea and other severe weather patterns. These threats have prompted the Netherlands to build massive public works projects to deal with the threat of natural hazards.

Conditions for Regime Change on the Korean Peninsula

April 1, 2010 by

This article explores the need for regime change in North Korea. Three issues are addressed that support this position. First, the military threat posed by North Korea to its regional neighbors and the international system necessitates pre-emptive military action. Second, the human rights abuses committed by the Kim Jong-Il government also gives credence for military action. Finally, the abolishment of the existing Marxist economic model in favor of a liberal economic model is best suited for the region and the average North Korean citizen.

F-22: Defense Budgets and the New Paradigm

December 10, 2009 by

In the annals of defense budget debates, several billion USD would not usually provoke intense debate on Capitol Hill. The recent defense budget request submitted by President Obama, in close consultation with Defense Secretary Robert Gates, calls for cuts in several projects that are often, as in any defense budget, deeply protected by lawmakers.

Social and Political Policies of Hamas and Its Mission Creep

October 26, 2009 by

This article addresses Hamas (Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiyya). In particular, I will analyze several issue areas, primarily; how does politics enter into Hamas’s raison d’être? What are Hamas’s social politics and do these politics exist because of a rough political calculation? Finally, does Hamas’s legitimization at the ballot box create a paradox? In particular, does the fact that Hamas is the political representative organization of the Palestinians, allow Hamas to be included in any negotiations that directly affect the Palestinian people?

Nuclear Weapons, Deterrence and Threats in the 21st Century: A Multivariate Analysis

August 15, 2008 by

To paraphrase the former Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, Thomas “Tip” O’Neill, all politics is local. However, the current dilemma facing Poland and the Czech Republic has geopolitical as well as local implications. The United States is promoting the need to deploy a missile defense system in Eastern Europe in order to defend Western Europe from a potential incoming nuclear and conventional missile attack from Iran and argues that the plan is a vital defense initiative in a strategic area.

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