India has traditionally supported its neighbors in South Asia although the support has been viewed differently by members of the region. India and Nepal share many common features like a similar language, religious practices, Hindu nationality and they are contiguous nations. Also, earlier Nepali ruling kings had their ancestral roots and matrimonial relations in India. Further, Nepal is a land locked country and all road connections including trade routes pass through India.
India has granted Most Favored Nation status to Nepal as a means of strengthening its economy thereby helping overcome rampant poverty and socio-economic backwardness which has been exacerbated by a series of serious earthquakes that struck Kathmandu and some adjoining areas in April this year. India dispatched massive humanitarian relief including trained personnel of the National Disaster Management Authority following the devastating earthquakes. Though the trauma of the earthquake has diminished the continuing political and social instability in Nepal has triggered several recent instances of violence apparently due to the involvement of foreign nationals. This concerns India and Indian Prime Minister Modi has conveyed to his Nepalese counterpart, Sushil Koirala, that India will do all it could to preserve and maintain peace and security in Nepal.
Modi appealed to the Nepalese Prime Minister Koirala to seek consultation with all political parties and other leading groups so that a consensus may be reached in order to maintain peace and ensure democratic nation-building particularly after the successful although tumultuous drafting of its new constitution. Modi continues to maintain a consistent and constructive foreign policy of non-interference in the internal affairs of any country. Fortunately, mutual respect for each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty between the two Prime Ministers has strengthened their mutual trust which helped consolidate support for Koirala in Nepal.
Obviously, India is monitoring the prevailing situation along its borders and Indian border authorities are in touch with the border authorities of Nepal and are prepared to assist them should there be a crisis. Today, in the environment of rising terrorism, particularly Maoism in Nepal, the close cooperation between the two neighbors will certainly discourage organized terrorist networks.