As Narendra Modi has assumed power, significant changes in India’s foreign policy have gradually started taking place. A sea change in today’s internal and external milieu has taken place, yet the basic root cause of all international and global crises are the same. However, there is a powerful wave of globalization and liberalization, accompanied by amazing information technology, sweeping across the world.
Further, the level of insecurity in the world due to terrorism and religious fundamentalism have cast a gloomy picture. Regional rivalries, particularly in the form of sectarian violence, are still far from over in the Middle East, Africa and Central Asia.
Amidst all these challenges, there are certain positives signs. The present century is largely said to belong to Asia. With a view to forge a strong military alliance against China’s increasing sphere of influence in the region, the United States has concluded a security treaty with Australia. Additionally, emerging cooperation between India and Japan towards forging a partnership has added the possibility of collaborating for creating a strong regional bulwark against China.
Additionally, Modi was successful in bringing into India $33.5 billion from Japan and $20 billion from China for green technologies, biotechnology, manufacturing and transportation. Increasing cooperation between the two parliamentary democracies has been visible as Australia’s two most recent prime ministers, Julia Gillard and Tony Abbot, have visited India.
Commending his masterstroke during the BRICS Summit, G. Kishore Babu writes: “India’s recent victory to establish the BRICS Bank with equal voting and equity rights, and the presidency of the Bank for the first five years is commendable in the light of India’s engagement with China.”
India’s foreign policy under Modi may be genuinely described as the continuation of his predecessor, yet the style, emphasis and pace have marked a difference. In fact, he is using the same formula of ‘inclusive development’ on the international as well as national front. Modi has been building an international image of a leader with clear cut goals who is an unwavering supporter of economic diplomacy and strategic engagement with the world in order to pursue India’s national interests.