The Rift Valley Institute published a lengthy essay on 28 October 2013 titled “Why Is the Horn Different?” by Christopher Clapham, one of the leading authorities on Ethiopia. Clapham tries to answer the question: Why is the Horn so peculiarly violent? He makes the controversial assertion that “the fundamental problem of the Horn is that it is not part of colonial Africa; that this leads its peoples and governments to behave in ways different from those that other Africans have become used to…”
Clapham posits that the second great problem is that the countries of the Horn derive their inability to fit into the standard model of African post-colonial statehood because of governance. Under colonialism, the oppressors came from outside. The countries of the Horn did not follow this pattern.