Boundary lines between Sunni Baloch extremist groups in the Sistan-Balochistan region of Iran have been difficult to identify.
As more operations within Iran and Pakistan are carried out, the need to identify the relationships between Sunni Baloch groups becomes more important. The current silence on behalf of Balochi groups in public forums is an effective means of drawing boundary lines. Perceived disingenuousness or competing ideologies could be reasons for the reserved behavior. Extremist groups who made headlines in the past months include Harkat ul-Ansar (HAI) and Jaish al-Adl. The latter merged with Abdolmalek Rigi’s Sunni Balochi group, Jundallah, in 2010, after their leader’s execution by the Iranian government. The group now operates under the name Jaish al-Adl.
Harkat ul-Ansar announced a merger with Hizb al-Furqan in December 2013 on its webpage. Little information is available about Hizb al-Furqan prior to this merger. Even Sunni jihadist followers of the Harkat ul-Ansar have posted comments questioning Hizb al-Furqan’s identity. The two groups merged under the name Jammat Hizb al Furqan and created a website. However, most activity is through Harkat ul-Ansar’s and affiliated sites. According to an announcement made by Harkat ul-Ansar in December 2012, HAI also has ties with Sipah-e-Sahaba Iran (SSI), a Sunni group with links to a Pakistani group, Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan.